For the globe trotters for whom the sand, the sun, the sea and the surf equals the Garden of Eden then Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is the place for them to be. The city for fun, the city for life, the city for youth, the city of second heaven and that city is Rio de Janeiro which is also referred to as the marvelous city. The city promises to amaze everybody as it seamlessly stitches the urban chaos with the golden beaches and the forest green mountain. Rio de Janeiro is the largest city in the South America is truly a traveller’s delight.
Rio de Janeiro is located on a strip of Brazil’s Atlantic coast, very near to the Tropic of Capricorn with the shoreline being oriented east-west. The city itself is mainly founded on an inlet of this coast. The South Portion of this of the city reaches the beaches fringing the open sea and is markedly cut off from the Central Portion and from the Northern Portion by coastal mountains. The major portion of the city is commonly referred to as the Northern Portion extends far into the North West on plains which are mainly composed of marine and continental sediments and has a few rocky mountains as well.
Rio de Janerio is well connected to the world by international flights. Serving this purpose are the three main airports of the city viz. Galeão-Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport, Santos Dumont Airport: Jacarepaguá-Roberto Marinho Airport . Rio de Janeiro airport is also well connected by its public transport services within the city itself. There are a total of 440 municipal buses. Metro services and even private transport available for the tourists to visit any place they want in their own way at their own sweetest leisure. But the Santa Teresa Tram or bondinho service is a must as it is a part of Brazilian history. The city also boasts of a cycle path which runs a total length of 160 km. These are eco-friendly and easier means to travel in traffic. These cyclic tracks run alongside many beaches. Another 6km of cycle paths also travel through the Tijuca National Park.
Climate of Rio is mainly of the tropical savannah climate which closely resembles a tropical monsoon climate. Though it is often characterized by long periods of hail from December to march but other times of the year it is very favorable beach weather. Along the coastal area the blowing of onshore and offshore winds regulates the climate a great deal. The average annual minimum temperature is 21’c and the average annual maximum temperature is 27’c.
The main season for coming to Rio de Janeiro is definitely when the ‘Rio Carnival’ is on during the month of March. The Rio Carnival is an annual celebration in the Roman Catholic tradition which allows merry making and red meat consumption for people before the people begin the sober 40 days of Lent penance which culminates with Holy or Passion Week and Easter. This world famous carnival in the beginning was more confined to the high class or imperial class but from the onset of the 20th century the event obtained a more social outlook. African – Brazilian drums and music was introduced and the revelry reached out to the masses. Initially masked balls were used but as the years passed people decked themselves with specially tailored extravagant costumes. This carnival of life also greatly influenced Brazilian music.
Rio de Janeiro also seems to hound you on one thing. It always seems to remind you of somewhere. Every part of this wonderful city is although reminiscent of another place whether it was in Asia, Europe or elsewhere but still it is completely distinct with its culture and the wonderful people who welcome you with a heart melting hug.